Online Lexika

Wenn Sie sich schnell einen Überblich über die Chemie & Biologie von bestimmten Elementen machen wollen, empfehle ich den Besuch folgender online Lexika, die sich im Aufbau und Inhalt an den interessierten Laien richten.






Online Aquaristik Magazine


Deutsch sprachige Aquaristik Magazine

KORALLE; Meeresaquaristik Fachmagazin, NTV Natur und Technik-Verlag.

DATZ; Die Aquariumzeitschrift, NTV Natur und Technik-Verlag.




ENCYCLOPEDIA of MODERN CORAL REEFS; Structure, Form, Process, Springer Verlag.



Volume 1 Plants and Invertebrats, Verlag ELSEVIER.

DELMAR JA. (2011),

Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry, Verlag John Wiley and sons.


Frithjof C. Küpper,


From Photoreactive Siderophores to Iodide in Kelp.

(als pdf online verfügbar; F.C. Küpper ist Professor an der Universität Aberdeen, UK und Mitglied der Scottich Association for marine science)


        Biochemistry & Molecular Biology of plants, Wiley, 2000.

HOLLEMANN A.F., E. Wiberg;

Lehrbuch der Anorganischen Chemie, Verlag Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, 1976.



Wenn verfügbar mit DOI-Nummer zum schnelleren Auffinden im Internet.

(1)       SVEN A. Fossa; Alf Jacob Nielsen,

Das Korallenriff-Aquarium, Bd I, Natur und Technik Verlag, Münster, 2010.

(2)       STÜBER D,

Riffbildende Steinkorallen im Meerwasseraquarium, Verlag Stark, 1. Aufl., 1994.

(3)       J.C. DELLBECK und J. SPRUNG,

Das Riffaquarium, Bd1 (erste deutsche Auflage), Ricodea Publishing Inc., 4016 El Prado Florida, 1996.

(4)       W.MERTZ,

The essential trace elements, Science, 18 Sep. 1981, Vol. 213, issue 4514, PP 1332-1338.

(5)       U. ECKHARD,

Dissertation, Untersuchungen zur Eisenassimilation in Pflanzen, Humboldt-Universität Berlin, 2000.

(6)       A.J.M. BAKER and WALKER P.L.,

Physiological responses of plants to heavy metals and the qualification of tolerance and toxicity, in Chemical Speciation and Bioavailability, Taylor and Francis Group, 1989.

(7)       R-EISLER,

Compendium of trace metals and marine biota, Vol 1 + 2, Elsevier BV, Oxford (Great Britain), 2010.

(8)       HALL J.L.,

Cellular mechanisms for heavy metal detoxification and tolerance, Journal of Experimenta Botany, Vol 53, No. 366, pp 1-11, January 2002.

(9)       SHUKLA R., Y.K. SHARMA and A. SHUKLAR,

Molecular mechanismen of nutrient uptake in plants; Int. J. Curr. Res. Aca. Rev. 2014, 2(12), 142-154.

(10)    GUERINOT M.L.,

The ZIP-Family of Metall Transporters, ELSEVIER, Biochemica ei Biophysica Acta 1465 (2000), pp 190-198.

(11)    FABER B et al.,

California Master Gardener Handbook, University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Publication 3338, Oakland , CA, copyright 2009.

(12)    BRULAND U.W. and M.L. LOHAN,

Controls of Trace Elements in Seawater, Treatise on Geochemistry, Vol. 6; pp 23-47, Elsevier 2003.

(13)    GRAHAM R.D, J.C.R. STANGOULIS (2003),

Trace Element uptake and Distribution in plants, Journal of Plant Nutrion, VOL 133, p 1502-1506.

(14)    METIAN M. et al (2015),

Metal bioconcentration in the scleractinian coral Stylopora pisstillata, investigating the role of different components using radiotracers, Environ Monit Assess. 2015 Apr;187(4):178.

doi: 10.1007/s10661-015-4383-z

(15)    Ferrier-Pagès, C., Houlbrèque, F., Wyse, E. et al.

Bioaccumulation of zinc in the scleractinium coral Stylopora pistilllata, Coral Reefs (2005) 24: 636.


(16)    PFANNHAUSER W. (1988),

Essentielle Spurenelemente in der Ernährung, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

(17)    BALLING H.W., M. JANSE, P.J. SONDERVAN (2008);

Trace elements, functions, sinks, and replenishment in reef aquaria, Advances in Coral Husbandy in Public Aquariums. Public Aquarium Husbandry Series, vol. 2. R.J. Leewis and M. Janse, pp 143-156, 2008 Burgers’ Zoo, Arnheim, the Netherlands.


Trace metals in the living and nonliving components of scleractinian corals, Mar Pollut Bull. 2003 Dec;46(12):1573-82.

DOI:  10.1016/S0025-326X(03)00323-0

(19)    HEDOUIN L. et al (2016),

Bioaccumulation of (63)Ni in the scleractinian coral Stylophora pistillata and isolated Symbiodinium using radiotracer techniques. Chemosphere. 2016 Aug;156:420-7.

DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.04.097

(20)    Houlbrèque, F., Rodolfo-Metalpa, R., Jeffree, R. et al. (2012),

Effects of increased pCO2 on zinc uptake and calcification in the tropical coral Stylophora pistillata, Coral Reefs (2012) 31: 101. doi:10.1007/s00338-011-0819-2

(21)    Abdel-Aziz Ahmed Mohammed, T. & Dar, M.A. (2010),

Ability of corals to accumulate heavy metals, Northern Red Sea, Egypt, Environmental Earth Sciences, February 2010, Volume 59, Issue 7, pp 1525–1534.


(22)    CHAN I. et al. (2012),

An Experimental Study of the Response of the Gorgonian Coral Subergorgia suberosa to Polluted Seawater from a Former Coastal, Mining Site in Taiwan, Zoological Studies 51(1): 27-37 (2012).

(23)    VRASPIR JM. and A. Butler (2009),

Chemistry of Marine Ligands and Siderophores. Annual review of marine science;1:43-63.

doi: 10.1146/annurev.marine.010908.163712

(24)    AGOSTINI S. et al. (2009).

Coral symbiotic complex: Hypothesis through vitamin B12 for a new evaluation, Galaxea, Journal of Coral Reef Studies 11: 1-11.

(25)    R. R. L. Guillard and J. H. Ryther,

“Studies of Marine Planktonic Diatoms. I. Cyclotella Nana Hustedt and Detonula Confervacea (Cleve) Gran,” Canadian Journal of Microbiology, Vol. 8, No. 2, 1962, pp. 229-239.


(26)    Rao, Ch.K.; Chinnaraj, S.; Inamdar, S.N.; Untawale, A.G.;

Arsenic content in certain marine brown algae and mangroves from Goa coast, Indian Journal of Marine Sciences, Vol.20; 283-285p., 1991.

(27)    Microbial arsenic: from geocycles to genes and enzymes

(28)    Rita Mukhopadhyay a, Barry P. Rosen a, Le T. Phung b, Simon Silver b;

Microbial arsenic: from geocycles to genes and enzymes, Microbiology Reviews26 (2002), 311-325.


(29)    Lane, T.; Saito, M. A.; George, G. N.; Pickering, I. J.; Prince, R. C.; Morel, F. F. M. "

Isolation and Preliminary Characterization of a Cadmium Carbonic Anhydrase from a Marine Diatom" Nature, 2005, 435, 42

(30)    C. Exley,

Aluminium in Biological Systems in:

KREISINGER, UVERSKY, PERMYAKOV; Encyclopedia of Metalloproteins, Springer Verlag, 2013, pp 33-34.

(31)     Maciaszczyk-Dziubinska E, Wawrzycka D, Wysocki R.

 Arsenic and Antimony Transporters in Eukaryotes. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2012;13(3):3527-3548. doi:10.3390/ijms13033527.


Just the facts 101, Textbook, 8 th Edition, Content Technologies Inc., 2017.


Coral symbiotic complex: Hypothesis through vitamin B12 for a new evaluation. Galaxea, Jornal of Coral Reef Studies 11: 1-11 (2009).


Tiny oceanorganisms are big B12 producers, Sience News, September 11, 2014.

(35)    H.HICKEY,

Vitamin water: Measuring essential nutrients in the ocean, University of Washington, February 24, 2014.

(36)    D.L. PURICH;

Enzyme Kinetics, catalysis & control, Academic Press, London 2010, p100-102.

(37)    Chellan P, Sadler PJ. 2015;

The elements of life and medicines.Phil. Trans., R. Soc. A 373: 20140182.

(38)    M. YA. SHOKOLNIK;

Development in crop science (6), Trace Elements in Plants, Elsevier, Amsterdam, S.250, 1984.

(39)    Hernandez JA, George SJ, Rubio LM.

Molybdenum Trafficking for Nitrogen Fixation. Biochemistry. 2009;48(41):9711-9721.


(40)    Wang D.

Redox chemistry of molybdenum in natural waters and its involvement in biological evolution. Frontiers in Microbiology. 2012;3:427.


(41)    RAGSDALE S. W.;

Nickel-based enzyme systems, The Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 284, No. 28, pp18571-18575, July 10, 2009.

(42)    FRIEDEN E.;

Biochemistry of the essential Ultratrace Elements III, Plenum Ress New York, London, 2012.

(43)    Sánchez-González C, López-Chaves C, Rivas-García L, et al. Accumulation of Scandium in Plasma in Patients with Chronic Renal Failure. The Scientific World Journal. 2013;2013:782745. doi:10.1155/2013/782745


Selenium-containing amino acids as direct and indirect antioxidant; IUBMB Life, 2012, NOV, 64 (11): 683-71.

Doi 10.1002/iub.1084

(45)    Zou Huihin;

Characterization of selenium containing proteins in the coral acropora millepora, PhD Thesis, James Cook University Australia, 2011.

(46)    Behra R, Sigg L, Clift MJD, et al.

Bioavailability of silver nanoparticles and ions: from a chemical and biochemical perspective. Journal of the Royal Society Interface. 2013;10(87):20130396.


(47)    Jaclyn M. Winter and Bradlley S. Moore:

Exploring the chemistry and Biology of Vanadium-dependent Haloperoxidasen

J. Biol. Chem. 2009, 284: 18577-18581 .

Doi: 10.1074/jbc.R109.001602

(48)    EIDE D.J.:

Zinc transporters and the cellular trafficking of Zinc.

Biochmica et Biophysics Acta 1763 (2006) 711-722.

(49)    Chellan P, Sadler PJ.

The elements of life and medicines.

Philosophical transactions Series A, Mathematical, physical, and engineering sciences. 2015;373(2037):20140182. doi:10.1098/rsta.2014.0182.


(50)    Chen, X., G. Wei, W. Deng, Y. Liu, Y. Sun, T. Zeng, and L. Xie (2015), Decadal variations in trace metal concentrations on a coral reef: Evidence from a 159 year record of Mn, Cu, and V in a Porites coral from the northern South China Sea, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 120, 405–416,


(51)    KRISHNAKUMARA S., S. Ramasamy a , N.S. Magesh b, N. handrasekar b, T. Simon Peter ;

Metal concentrations in the growth bands of Porites sp.: A baseline record on the history of marine pollution in the Gulf of Mannar,India;

Marine Pollution Bulletin 101 (2015) 409–416

(52)    KATHRYN L., E. Berry, Janina Seemann, Olaf Dellwig, Ulrich Struck, Christian Wild, Reinhold R. Leinfelder;

Sources and spatial distribution of heavy metals in scleractinian coral tissues and sediments from the Bocas del Toro Archipelago, Panama, Environ Monit Assess (2013) 185:9089–9099

DOI 10.1007/s10661-013-3238-8